Design studio Barbara Gollackner has presented a collection of homeware items made from industrial and personal food waste at Vienna Design Week.
Viennese designer Gollackner teamed up with Austrian chef and restaurant owner Martin Kilga to create Wasteware, a range of bowls, plates and cutlery made from leftover food.
"The idea came from the fact that I read about Europe wasting 90 million tons of food every year and at the same time producing around 30 million tons of waste from single-use dishes," Gollackner told Dezeen.
"So I thought about 'connecting' these two issues and trying to make new materials out of food waste," she added.
To create the tableware items, the studio gathered food waste, such as pork skin and old bread, from personal and industrial waste.
The waste is either dried out or cooked, depending on the food, and blended into a smooth paste that is bound together by mycelium. Sometimes water or additional food items, such as more breadcrumbs, are added to the mix.
The paste is then inserted into the printer and, with the help of chef and food designer Peter König, 3D-printed into simple shapes.
Aubergine-coloured teaspoons, moss green cups and beige bowls form part of the resulting minimalist collection, which Gollackner says can be used either once or multiple times.
"The designs had to be super simple shapes – we are just in the middle of the process and we are still experimenting with the right consistency of the printing paste – the designs can not have any supercomplicated shapes, it wouldn't be possible to print," Gollackner explained.
Gollackner designed the collection to demonstrate that there are alternatives to throwing away food waste, which is often disposed of in landfills.
"One way we use the waste that we produce ourselves, on the other side we use industrial food waste, like pork skin," she said.
"There are huge amounts of pork skin thrown in Austria by the meat industry," the designer continued.